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PROGRAMME DETAIL

Christoph Willibald Gluck Iphigénie en Tauride

Tragédie in four acts by Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714–1787)
Libretto by Nicolas-François Guillard (1752–1814)
after Claude Guimond de La Touche’s tragedy Iphigénie en Tauride (1757)  

With German and English surtitles

PREMIERE

  • 22 May 2015, 19:30

DATE

  • 25 May 2015, 15:00

Print programme (PDF)

CREATIVE TEAM

Diego Fasolis, Conductor
Moshe Leiser, Patrice Caurier, Director
Christian Fenouillat, Sets
Agostino Cavalca, Costumes
Christophe Forey, Lighting
Gianluca Capuano, Chorus master
Christian Arseni, Dramaturgy

CAST

Cecilia Bartoli, Iphigénie
Christopher Maltman, Oreste
Topi Lehtipuu, Pylade
Michael Kraus, Thoas
Rebeca Olvera, Diane
Lucia Cirillo, Une femme grecque
Marco Saccardin, Un Scythe
Walter Testolin, Le Ministre
Laura Antonaz, Elena Carzaniga, Mya Fracassini, Caroline Germond, Elisabeth Gillming, Marcelle Jauretche, Francesca Lanza, Silvia Piccollo, Nadia Ragni, Brigitte Ravenel, Prêtresses

Coro della Radiotelevisione Svizzera, Lugano
I Barocchisti
Alberto Stevanin, Concertmaster
Jory Vinikour, Harpsichord Continuo 

ABOUT THE PRODUCTION

When Christoph Willibald Gluck arrived in Paris in November 1778 to conduct the rehearsals for Iphigénie en Tauride, Goethe was just finishing the original version of his stage play, Iphigenie auf Tauris, which was premièred a few weeks before Gluck’s Iphigénie. The mythological subject matter follows on from Iphigenia’s previous history. She was supposed to be sacrificed to Diana, but the goddess spared her and carried her off to Tauris, where she was forced to serve the goddess as her priestess and sacrifice any foreigners who arrived on the island. Iphigenia’s brother Orestes and his friend Pylades also risked the same fate.
In 1801, Schiller staged this Gluck opera in Weimar together with Goethe, and professed that it had given him “infinite delight”: “Never before has music moved me as purely and beautifully as this; it is a world of harmony that almost penetrates the soul.” With this work, Gluck took the final step in his programme of operatic reform, radically distancing himself from both the formulaic opera seria, with its rigid sequence of numbers, and traditional French opera, to create a touching, psychologically sound musical drama with self-contained scenes and integrated arias. Gluck had long since given the chorus an active role, and in this work, the ballet scenes that were obligatory in Paris are no longer harmless, non-committal amusements, but organically integrated in the action. In Iphigénie en Tauride, Gluck’s maxim that his music “should speak the language of the heart, credibly portray great human passions, and serve poetry” finds convincing formal expression.




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